Why is 21 Called Blackjack

American casinos introduced a game called 21 in the 1800s. Casino owners attracted players with a special 10:1 bonus for a hand with an ace and Blackjack of spades or clubs. Casinos and players called this special payout as the "blackjack bonus." Although casinos had withdrawn the bonus, players continued to call the game "blackjack."
Why is 21 called blackjack

The Evolution of Blackjack

Blackjack has a rich history dating back to the post-medieval era. Although historians do not have the exact information about Blackjack’s origins, it gained popularity in the early 1700s in French casinos. French people called the game “Vingt-et-Un,” which means 21.

Blackjack had different rules in its early form. For example, the game rules allowed only the dealer to double down. The game had no splitting. However, the payout was much higher. Players would use a single deck to play the game. It had no hold card.

The game became extremely popular in Europe and reached America eventually in the 1800s. In the U.S casinos, the game saw modifications and changes in mechanics. Players started playing the game with more decks. Moreover, casinos introduced “splitting pairs” in the 1930s. The hole card rule was introduced in 1950.

Today, Blackjack has numerous versions and variations with different rules and forms. The game has gained significant popularity in online casinos licensed by MGA and Curacao in the last couple of years. Whether you play blackjack with friends or in an online casino, the game’s core objective remains the same – getting a card value of 21.

The Impact of the Blackjack Bonus

When a player had a consistent hand of an ace and a black of clubs or spades, the casino would reward the player with a “blackjack bonus.” Players are usually attracted to the high payout, making 21 the most popular casino game.

However, when casinos withdrew the bonus, it did not impact the game’s popularity. The reason is that Blackjack remained appealing among players because it combined chance and strategy.

Blackjack attracts players because the likelihood of receiving specific cards influences every decision. A certain number of cards can affect the potential outcomes, whether you hit, stand, double down, or split.

In addition, the counting strategy further improved the game’s popularity. This allows you to estimate the proportion of high- to low-value cards in the deck, especially when you have played a certain number. That way, you can keep track of the cards.

Final Words About Blackjack

Blackjack, originally called 21, originated in French casinos in the early 1700s. However, the game became famous and spread to other regions, including the United States, where rules and mechanics were changed.

Although the blackjack bonus was very popular, the game remains famous even today, even after the casinos discontinued the bonus. Today, people play online Blackjack, leverage welcome bonuses, and use different strategies to increase their winning chances.


Written By

Qazi Raza

My name is Qazi Raza. I work as an editor at Casinoswithoutswedishlicense.com. We focus on telling Swedish casino players about the best-unlicensed gaming websites. I know a lot about how online casinos work. I can tell you which websites are safe and which ones will pay out your winnings. I also share tips to help you make the best betting decisions. My goal is to guide Swedish players to great casinos outside the licensed system. I want our users to have fun gaming experiences.